There are seven million stroke survivors in the US. Unfortunately, most of them have been unable to receive the only treatment that exists for stroke, which is “clot busting” therapy, that is only useful if provided within 4-6 hours of the onset of symptoms. The therapeutic substances that adipose stem cells secrete have demonstrated the ability to rescue brain at risk both in young and adult laboratory rodents after interruption of blood flow to the brain. These findings can lead the way to entirely new treatments for stroke and cerebral palsy (stroke in babies) that can be applied up to 36 hours after the onset of stroke symptoms. Someday we hope to put these therapeutic agents both into emergency rooms and ambulances for immediate administration when needed.